Dissolved CO2 in the ocean causes an excess of dissolved hydrogen ions increasing the acidity of the ocean itself. This is known as ocean acidification, and its main implication is on coral. Coral reef bleaching is the dying of coral causing it to take on a white color. Acidification primarily affects calcifying organisms like coral, coccoliths, crustaceans and mollusks. More CO2 in the atmosphere means there will be more CO2 in the oceans. This will increase ocean acidification causing directly affecting these calcifying species, and causing indirect effects on all those species that rely on them for food and shelter. Life in the oceans will not cease, but it will be changed dramatically.
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