Most offshore locations are likely to fall within territorial waters or exclusive economic zones of the coastal states. And even if they don’t, the cables that transport the electricity from the wind farms will still need to pass through the coastal states. Special agreements would need to be made to place a farm or pass the energy through the coastal states, involving payments, of course. On the other hand, there’s nothing preventing the inland states from buying electricity off their neighbors (specifically requesting that it would be coming from wind farms), after connecting their electric grids. Note, however, that some energy is lost during the transport, and the longer the necessary cable, the more power is lost on the way, making it more expensive. So if the inland state is quite far from the sea, it might not be that interested in offshore power anyway.
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