The higher the pH level in the ocean, the more acidic ocean water becomes. The more acidic ocean water becomes, the more risk of plant and animal life dying. It must be noted that a ocean’s pH level naturally changes throughout thousands of years (at a very gradual pace), giving plant and animal life time to adapt. When pollutants such as CO2 are dissolved in ocean water, acidity increases at a much higher pace not allowing plants and animals to adequately adapt.
As pH levels drop, ocean conditions will gradually become more and more acidic. This is a very negative environment for pH sensitive marine life, such as corals. Because they can only stand small variations in pH levels, once a critical level is reached, a die off will begin, resulting in reef bleaching and ecological loss.
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