Essentially, the Brazilian government authorizes legal logging to a degree in order to deter illegal loggers from pillaging the country’s greatest natural resource. “…Brazil’s government says managed logging is an essential alternative to the illegal clear-cutting that has besieged the world’s largest rainforest.” Last year, Brazil began to sell logging rights for millions of acres of rainforest to private companies. Companies submitted bids for pieces of land with plans for sustainable logging and promises to stimulate local economies with investments and job opportunities. Sanctions within their sales contracts require these loggers (at least in theory) to adhere to reduced-impact logging. For example, loggers must take measures to ensure that a felled tree does not bring down other trees with it by removing interconnected vines, etc. Theoretically, this method of logging will foster sustainable development and allow the rainforest to be harvested without being degenerated. Critics of this plan, however, say that it will be very difficult to enforce these sustainable management plans, and that even then, “law-abiding companies will have to keep out the less scrupulous – as timber roads often become conduits for illegal logging, hunting and slash-and-burn agriculture.”
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