Why does warmer air hold more moisture in the air?



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    Water exists in the atmosphere as water vapor, clouds, fog and precipitation. Regardless of the temperature, air contains a small amount of water vapor and some sub-microscopic water drops. However, water vapor molecules constantly lose energy and become liquid, just as water molecules gain energy and enter the vapor phase. “As temperature increases and more energy is available to liquid water molecules, the rate of evaporation exceeds the rate of condensation.” Essentially warm air provides a more conducive area for more moisture build up.

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