Why does the moon cause tides and not the sun?



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    Both the moon and the sun interact with the Earth to create tides. However, because the moon is closer to earth than the sun, the moon has more of an impact on tides than the sun. The moon accounts for 56% of tidal energy, whereas the sun accounts for 44% of the tidal energy on earth.

    The moon’s gravitational force pulls on the water in the oceans causing bulges. The moon’s gravitational pull causes water to bulge towards the moon and on the other side of the earth,  the moon pulls the Earth away from the water causing another bulge.


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