Why do some metals react so violently with water?



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    Almost all metals react with water to a certain degree: simply because of their chemical structure, they will oxidize to form new compounds when in the presence of water. For some metals, the water must be very hot, even steam, to overcome the activation energy required for a reaction. But of the most reactive metals is sodium, and when it touches water (even room temperature or cold water) they instantly start to form molecules of sodium hydroxide, 2NaOH. The reason the reaction is so spectacular is that the byproduct, hydrogan gas, is being released into the air.

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