Their diet consists of only leaves, which are hard to digest. By moving slowly, it allows them to conserve the little energy that they have. In addition, a sloth’s fur contains algae that wouldn’t stay on the fur unless the animal moved so slowly. The algae turns green during the rainy season, and tree colored during a dry season. Therefore, the sloth also has camoflage by moving slowly.
The main reason that sloths move so slowly is due to their herbivorous diet, which is composed mainly of fruits, flower buds and branches, which don’t provide much nutrition. Their diets don’t have any fat or proteins, so sloths have to move slowly to conserve energy, so to compensate for their lack of speed, sloths have adapted various adaptations that allows them to survive on such a lean diet.
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