The ecological health of ecosystems rely on the diversity of the system to survive sudden changes and adapt to changes that come on gradually. Biodiversity ensures an ecosystem stays healthy and functioning; each part plays a small and specialized role that hinders the function of the entire system when removed. If enough pieces are removed from the system the whole thing collapses.
Humans rely on functioning ecosystems for economic, recreational, traditional, and asthetic purposes. Estimates of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital believe human’s receive anywhere from $16-54 trillion dollars in services from nature. These are things that are simply given to us by nature, for example, bees pollinating plants.
From an anthropogenic standpoint, it makes sense to maintain biodiversity to ensure ecological health so we do not lose these services, they are irreplacable.
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