Using chlorophyll, leaves capture the Sun’s rays. Then, by combining that energy with water and CO2, the leaves make food, i.e., sugar, for the plant. This process, as I’m sure you’ve heard, is called photosynthesis. Roots transport water up to the leaf, or the leaf itself collects water. Then, using the Sun’s energy, this water, and CO2 from the air the plant makes sugar, which is also known as its chemical energy.
Leaves also provide food and shelter for insects. Leaves also provide a model for how some types of insects protect themselves from predators. For instance, the Green Leaf Insect camouflages itself as a leaf, complete with the frayed brown edges of a leaf that has recently fallen from a tree.
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