Why are high elevations colder if they are closer to the sun?



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    Temperatures decrease with increasing altitude above the Earth’s surface in the troposphere at a rate of 6.4 degrees Celsius per 1000 feet of elevation. This is called the normal lapse rate. The distance from the Earth’s surface, which is the source of heat captured by the Sun’s energy, is responsible for the cooling temperatures even though it seems to be getting closer to the Sun’s heat.

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