They are endangered for many reasons. Like most endangered animals they are losing their habitat. The ivory tusks of elephants has also long been desired, which has led to illegal poaching. Check out this cute 6th grade report for more information on African elephants.
Hunting elephants because of their ivory tusks is one of the main causes of the declining population of elephants. Elephants are more susceptible to over-hunting because they are big and cannot hide, and it takes many years for an elephant to grow and reproduce. At the start of the 20th century there were between 5-10 million elephants and at the end of the century their numbers lowered to 400,000-500,000. Cultivation of their habitats by humans is also a cause of their declining population.
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