The earliest and most well known literary account of the Kraken is in Alfred Lord Tennyson’s poem of the same name. Although responsible for establishing much of the mythology of the Kraken, Tennyson did not invent the creature. He borrowed the Kraken from Norse mythology. The earliest English account of the creature (and Tennyson’s source) was Bishop Pontoppidan’s A History of Norway (1752). According to Pontoppidan, the Kraken was said to be capable of dragging down to the sea-bottom even the largest ships because, when submerging, it created a powerful whirlpool, “the Skagarag.”
The word “kraken” first appears in the thirteenth century Icelandic text Konungs skuggsjá. The name comes from the Scandinavian term krake, meaning something twisted or an unhealthy animal. Konungs skuggsjá describes the kraken this way:
There is a fish not yet mentioned which it is scarcely advisable to speak about on account of its size, which to most men will seem incredible. There are, moreover, but very few who can tell anything definite about it, inasmuch as it is rarely seen by men; for it almost never approaches the shore or appears where fishermen can see it, and I doubt that this sort of fish is very plentiful in the sea.
Kraken first appeared in print in the first edition of Carolus Linnaeus’s Systema Naturae in 1735. Linnaeus classified the kraken as a cephalopod and gave it the scientific name Micrososmus. The kraken was not included in later editions.
Click here to cancel reply.
Sorry,At this time user registration is disabled. We will open registration soon!
Don't have an account? Click Here to Signup
© Copyright GreenAnswers.com LLC