Many experts argue that increasing technological outputs in agriculture is best for reducing poverty but even when such outputs are added, poverty is still not so easily solved. For example, many believed the “Green Revolution” of the 1960s would get rid of world hunger but today 1.02 billion people still face hunger and 1.4 billion live below the international poverty line. While technology is important to helping humans improve their standard of living, other experts will argue that technology is not the main answer but rather traditional, fair practices that do not require increasingly having to come up with better technologies such as GMOs or fertilizers.
In developing countries, sustainable agricultural and animal husbandry practices are vital to reducing poverty. With sustainable practices, the soil replenishes itself so that food can continue to grow on the same land, poor farmers do not have to keep adding costly factors such as fertilizers or water, and the chances for man induced catastrophes which both exacerbate and cause poverty, such as desertification and mudslides, are greatly reduced.
Agricultural practices that practice biodiversity rather than monoculture (growing just one crop) are also important. Many rural farmers in developing countries cannot afford to even grow their own food and must grow one major crop for market. This not only hurts their efforts to provide food for their own families and communities, but hurts the land and crop outputs in the long run and might eventually make the soil obsolete.
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