That would probably be the Hazelwood Power Plant in Victoria, Australia. The WWF did a survey in 2005 to find that Hazelwood was the most polluting power plant from developing countries. There has been talk about closing the plant, but Australia has promised to work on improving its emissions.
While a number of major waste-to-energy projects are in the planning and development stages in the developing world, as far as I am aware the largest single waste-to-energy plant in the world is Afval Energie Bedrijf (AEB) Waste Fired power plant in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. The plant has a combined output of 125 MW-e, providing 30% of the city’s electric power needs with 95% uptime, and which also provides district heating for Amsterdam’s business and port district, as well as an adjacent wastewater treatment plant and biosolids digester. It is built with state-of-the-art pollution controls on both units and innovative systems for recycling the inert bottom ash from the plant into brickwork while separating both ferrous and nonferrous metals from the ash stream for recovery and recycling.
China (see second citation) represents the largest growth market for the WTE sector today, with its rapidly rising living standards and desire for more economical and environmentally sound waste management methods, and I would not be at all surprised to see the country break Amsterdam’s record in the coming years.
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