The mango is native to southern Asia, especially Burma and eastern India. It spread early on to Malaya, eastern Asia and eastern Africa. Mangos were introduced to California (Santa Barbara) in 1880.
“The mango exists in two races, one from India and the other from the Philippines and Southeast Asia. The Indian race is intolerant of humidity, has flushes of bright red new growth that are subject to mildew, and bears monoembryonic fruit of high color and regular form. The Philippine race tolerates excess moisture, has pale green or red new growth and resists mildew. Its polyembryonic fruit is pale green and elongated kidney-shaped. Philippines types from Mexico have proven to be the hardiest mangos in California.”
However, mangoes grow wild in many places to which they are not native. For example, throughout the Caribbean. I live in Key West, FL, which is 90 miles north of Cuba, and mangoes grow all over the island. Nobody grows mangoes to harvest and sell because there is not enough space for any kind of farming on the tiny island, but mango trees are all over the place, and they taste completely different than the kind you buy in the store. The types of mangoes that grow here must be of the Philippine variety, based on the above post, because they are large, very hardy, and thrive in the humidity.
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