Mount Rushmore was ‘opened’, or dedicated, each time a head was completed in its 14-year construction (1927-1941). Washington’s face was dedicated in 1934, Thomas Jefferson in 1936, Abraham Lincoln in 1937, and Teddy Roosevelt in 1939. Final construction finished by 1941.
Through the efforts of Gutzon Borglum, President Calvin Coolidge attended the dedication ceremony of the project on August 10, 1927. President Coolidge delivered a speech at the event and promised federal funding for the project. On October 31, 1941 the monument was declared complete -thus, made open to the public.
The process of sculpting the mountain was begun in 1927 by sculptor Gutzon Borglum. It took 14 years and a million dollars to finish. The mountain was dedicated with small ceremony at the completion of each head. In March 1941, Borglum died — his son took over briefly, but funding ran out of the project was “completed” in that year. So I suppose you could argue that the park was “opened” in late 1941, though the National Parks Service official history doesn’t actually list a specific date of opening.
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