Sensory organs (i.e., skin and eyes) were among the first organs successfully transplanted because of the relatively non-invasive surgeries required for surface organ transplants. Skin grafts and eye transplants were successfully performed as early as 1876.
More complex internal organs proved harder to successfully transplant, but the fast-pace of technological and chemical innovation throughout the early 20th century soon supported the transfer of larger organs such as the kidneys and liver. Kidney transplants, the earliest major organ transplants, became a functionally regular procedure starting in the 1950s.
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