The earliest environmental conservation movements in America can be traced back to the turn of the 20th century, with the founding of the Sierra Club, an independent conservation organization, in 1892. During World War One and Two, Americans were strongly encouraged to recycle as much as possible and to grow their own food in “victory gardens”, due to the American war machine requiring food to feed soldiers and raw material to build planes, tanks, and weapons. The concept of “national parks” first came about as an effort to preserve forests and wildlife habitats and limit urban development in those areas.
The word “green” was first applied to environmental movements in the 1970’s in Australia.
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