The tiger was declared an endangered species in 1969. There are currently about 3,200 tigers left in the world, though some estimate the number to be lower. Six breeds of tiger remain: South China, Siberian, Malayan, Sumatran, Indo-Chinese, and Bengal. Throughout history, tigers have been hunted for the medicinal, nutritional, and retail value of their furs, paws, and other body parts. They are further threatened by the human impact on their habitats. This impact results from urbanization, land development, and pollution.
Tigers were added to the list of endangered species in 1969. Originally there were nine species of tiger, but three have since gone extinct. At the beginning of the century there were approximately 100,000 tigers living in the wild; today, there are less than 2,500. The population is rapidly dwindling because of poaching, loss of habitat, and population fragmentation (which occurs when humans separate tiger groups, preventing tigers from one area to mate with tigers from another).
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