The Ancient Greeks were polytheistic, meaning they worshipped many gods and goddesses, which they believed lived on Mount Olympus. These supernatural immortal beings had control over certain aspects of nature and daily life. For example, Poseiden was the god of the sea, while Athena was the goddess of wisdom, arts and crafts. While they were immortal, the gods and goddesses got married and had children like humans. And they weren’t perfect, either. They were prone to bickering, had temper tantrums, and even cheated on their spouses!
Gods and goddesses were worshipped at temples dedicated to them, where there might be a number of priests and priestesses to attend to rituals to keep the gods pleased. If you needed a favor from the gods, you would make a sacrifice in their honor, and different gods liked different kinds of sacrifices. Sacrifices were also given on certain annual festivals in a god’s name.
The ancient Greeks were polytheistic, meaning they worshipped multiple gods. Greek gods and goddesses include Zeus, Poseidon, Apollo, and Aphrodite. Each god or goddess had dominion over a part of nature, such as the sun, or an abstract concept such as love. The gods were immortal but not omnipotent. Fate played a large part in the religious beliefs of the ancient Greeks- even the gods were subject to fate.
The ancient Greeks believed in many gods and goddesses. It was thought the gods and goddesses lived at the top of Mount Olympus. They were thought to have different roles with Hades being the god of the underworld, Demeter the goddess representing harvest, and Dionysos the god of wine and theatre. Animal sacrifices were offered to the gods at temples. As noted by kristennoelle, the gods were not omnipotent and were impacted by fate.
As Sarahtonin, kristennoelle, and langkoja have all concluded, the ancient Greeks were polytheistic. These many gods engaged in petty dramas with the humans, and although they were considered immortal, they were hardly wise. The lives of the gods and goddesses were so wrought with strife that many theatre historians attribute the presence of the Greek stage with the close connection to their religion. Ancient Greek theatre started as a ritualized worship to these gods and goddesses, and over time, evolved into stories about them.
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