Toucans are members of the family Ramphastidae in Southern Mexico, Central, South America, and the Caribbean region. They are most closely related to the American barbets (family Capitonidae). In general, they are brightly colored with huge bills. There are roughly 40 species, organized into 5 genera. They are primarily fruit-eating (frugivorous), but they can be omnivorous as well, eating insects and small lizards. The specifics of diet vary by species. They are extremely important as a method of seed dispersal for trees in the rainforest (in simple terms: they poop the seeds out, intact, spreading them around the forest).
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