What survival mechanisms to high alpine trees utilize to survive cold and harsh mountain winters?



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    Alpine plants grow low to the ground, protecting them from heavy wind and keeping them warmer. Plants often develop buds beneath the soil’s surface where they are protected from frosts. They have a thick, waxy cuticle on their leaves and an extensive root system to maximize water retention. The majority of alpine plants are perennials, forming strong root systems over time rather than using their energy to grow anew each year. They are also mostly evergreens and conserve the energy and nutrients needed to create new leaves each growing season.

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