The textiles industry has been accused of being one of the world’s leading contributors to pollution because of its chemical use and hazardous effects on the water. As many as 2,000 chemicals are used in the textile business ranging from dyes to transfer agents. Water, which is already beginning to become a scarce resource around the world, is used in abundance to wash away the chemicals that are used in every step of the textiling process. The water is then dumped out as waste water which goes on to pollute the environment (Eco Textiles, 2011).
Cotton crops take more pesticides than any other crop in America. Since it is not intended for human consumption, conventional cotton growers simply dump lots of pesticides on it. This is very hard on the environment. Some good alternatives are organic cotton, hemp, and bamboo fibers. Another good alternative is shopping at a thrift store and getting clothing that would otherwise be thrown away even though it is perfectly good. Constantly changing fashions cause people to throw out so many great outfits 🙂
The World Bank estimates that 17 to 20 percent of industrial water pollution comes from textile dyeing and treatment! This is a huge environmental problem! Ecological wastewater treatment can be a solution to this problem, if only wastewater treatment facilities were installed in textile industries across the globe.
Here is how a textile industry treatment plant works:
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