The brain is the name given to the all the organs that reside in the cranium. The brain is comprised of 4 different lobes (the frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal lobes), the brain stem, the cerebellum, the basal ganglia, the dura, and the spinal cord. Each of these controls various functions throughout the entire human body.
As cox01 said, the brain is the correct scientific name for the brain and the cranium is the part of the skull that houses the brain. The brain has many substructures that perform different functions, but they are all essentially composed of neurons. The brain is part of our central nervous system, while the neurons that move our body parts are part of the peripheral nervous system.
One of my favorite parts of the brain is the amygdala. The amygdala is the “fear center” of the brain. It has evolutionary significance in that all animals need to experience fear in order to avoid certain hazards and survive. However, too much fear can also be problematic.
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