Well currently there are no cheetahs in India. The species used to populate the country a hundred years ago or so, but were eradicated by overhunting. Now, however, the Indian government is partnering with wildlife groups in an attempt to reintroduce the cheetah to India, with three proposed sanctuaries. After what happened to the cheetah in India in the past, the animals will be protected and won’t be hunted.
Asiatic cheetahs were hunted and trapped to extinction in India by trophy hunters and herdsmen. Some cheetahs were kept in captivity and actually used (more famously by royalty) for hunting. Here is a video of such a practice.
Other Indian wild cats, such as the Asiatic Lion and Bengal Tiger, are sometimes killed by villagers but the bigger threats are poaching and loss of habitat. However, the government has set up protection programs for these animals and have experienced increases in both populations.
The Gir National Park and Sanctuary is a protection zone for Asiatic Lions. In 1968, the Gir National Park and Sanctuary boasted the entire Asiatic Lion population of India, at 177 lions. The recent census done earlier this year shows that there is a population of 411 lions. The Gir National Park and Sanctuary can only accomodate about 300 lions so these lions are drifting farther and farther away from the national park. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-03-07/ahmedabad/28665017_1_gir-lions-asiatic-lions-gir-national-park
The Bengal Tiger, also called the Indian Tiger, is also growing in India. In 2005, India’s prime minister set up a special tiger task force to deal with the dwindling tiger population. A report done this year estimates a tiger population of 1706 in India, a 20% increase from the estimated 1411 tigers in 2006. However, this report also warns of the decrease of habitat, an even more threatening menace than poachers, who killed at least 30 tigers in 2010. Dr. YV Jhala warns that while tiger populations decimated by poachers can be reestablished via reintroduction, “once habitats are lost, it is almost impossible to claim them back for restoration.” http://wwf.panda.org/wwf_news/?201148/Indias-tigers-gain-numbers-but-not-ground
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