how has it arisen?
what are the ways to improve their condition?
The wild yak (bos mutus) in the Ladakh region is listed as a “vulnerable” species on the IUCN redlist due to a population decline of 30% in the last thirty years. The 10,000 mature individuals still left roam the Tibetan Plateau, but are now considered extinct from their ranges in Nepal and Bhutan. This map shows their range extending slightly into Ladakh.
Poaching is the main reason for their shrinking population and habitat. Yak meat has been sold commercially, but now that weapons are more regulated on the Plateau, poaching is also being limited.
Yaks do not like being disturbed by other grazing mammals. In avoiding herds of domesticated livestock, yaks are losing habitat. Domesticated mammals may also interbreed with wild yak or possibly transmit diseases.
These issues can be mitigated by more effectively regulating poaching and domestic herds. There are nature reserves for wild yak–including the Arjin Shan, Chang Tang, Kekexili, Sanjiangyuan, and Yanchiwan Nature Reserves–but it is difficult to keep poachers and livestock out of these extensive tracts of land.
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