According to the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, US paper currency is made up of 75% cotton and 25% linen, therefore, all of it is quite bad for the environment since US Treasury doesn’t purchase organic cotton. The cotton production uses more pesticides than any other single crop worldwide. Most pesticides are extremely toxic and at least half are listed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as hazardous. India produces a third of the world’s cotton and over half of all the pesticides purchased each year go on cotton even though cotton makes up only five percent of the crops being grown. There are good news though, now cotton growers use 90% less chemicals then a decade ago, and Australia is the leader in the sustainable cotton production, US just has to catch up.
It is very interesting to read Performance and Accountability 2008 report of US Treasury, Bureau of Engraving and Printing here http://www.moneyfactory.gov/images/2008_CFO.pdf#search=“cotton“
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