New Urbanism is an urban design movement, which promotes walkable neighborhoods that contain a range of housing and job types. It arose in the United States in the early 1980s and continues to reform many aspects of real estate development and urban planning.
New urbanism is an urban planning movement aimed at creating pedestrian-oriented communities. New urban communities contain housing, businesses, schools, parks, and shops within easy walking distance of each other. The concept supports the increased use of public transportation. There are currently over 2,000 New Urbanist projects planned or underway in the United States, half of which are in historic urban centers. The ten principles of the new urbanism movement are as follows:
-Walkability-Connectivity-Mixed-use and diversity-Mixed housing-Quality architecture and urban design-Traditional neighborhood structure-Increased density-Smart transportation-Sustainability-Quality of life
New Urbanism is an architectural movement based around the idea that neighborhoods should be walkable, culturally distinct, environmentally friendly, and economically diverse. The organizing body of the movement, the Congress for the New Urbanism, describes their mission as follows:
“CNU advocates the restructuring of public policy and development practices to support the restoration of existing urban centers and towns within coherent metropolitan regions. We stand for the reconfiguration of sprawling suburbs into communities of real neighborhoods and diverse districts, the conservation of natural environments, and the preservation of our built legacy.”
Just to elaborate on the other answers, the main goal of new urbanism is sustainability. It’s an innovative urban development strategy that seeks to move away from high-volume commuter trends by fostering the growth of convenient neighborhoods with an element of accessibility that will promote foot traffic over vehicular traffic.
New urbanism strives to promote the revival of “place-making” by re-structuring our built environments.
New urbanism is about creating a better future by raising the quality of life through city designs that promote diverse, walkable, compact, vibrant, mixed-use communities. By promoting the use of trains and light rails as opposed to highways and roads, new urbanism can create cities that are walkable and interconnected. Benefits include a higher quality of life, benefits to businesses and developers, and optimal integration among citizens.
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