Globally, I don’t think there is a single species that is being targeted in overfishing. However, many species risk becoming endangered due to overfishing. Greenpeace has compiled a “red list” of fish species that are at risk. The criteria for the red list is 1. Environmental Status – Threatened or Endangered?
2. The type of fishing method being used and wheter or not it is destructive
3. Does harvest have a negative impact on other species that are not being targested for harvest?
4. Are the fish being caught legally?
5. Are there impacts on the local community when catching this fish?
Red List includes
Alaska Pollock Atlantic Cod or Scrod Atlantic Halibut (US and Canadian) Atlantic Salmon (wild and farmed) Atlantic Sea Scallop Bluefin tuna Big Eye Tuna Chilean Sea Bass (also sold as Patagonia Toothfish) Greenland Halibut (also sold as Black halibut, Atlantic turbot or Arrowhead flounder) Grouper (imported to the U.S.) Hoki (also known as Blue Grenadier) Monkfish Ocean Quahog Orange Roughy Red Snapper Redfish (also sold as Ocean Perch) Sharks Skates and Rays South Atlantic Albacore Tuna Swordfish Tropical Shrimp (wild and farmed) Yellowfin Tuna
There are also alternative species of fish you can eat to protect the fish that are being overfished. You can eat fish caught from icelandic waters instead of eating Atlantic cod. You can eat Wild Pacific Salmon instead of eating Atlantic Salmon. A more detailed list of alternatives is provided in the citation below.
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