Fracking, short for “fracturing”,is the process of drilling into a geological formation that contains natural oil and gas. The idea is to “fracture” the wells in the formation to promote better flow of oil and make for easier extraction.
One of the ways fracking is dangerous for the environment is the fact that it uses a number of different chemicals in the process, many of which are toxic to human and animal life. This is dangerous because the chemicals can potentially run off into water sources that are used for drinking. They can also become airborne and contaminate the air around the fracking site. There have been numerous reports of fracking fluid flowing into rivers and lakes, killing fish and highly polluting clean watersheds.
Fracking also uses an absurd amount of water to extract oil. In 2010, it is estimated that 70 to 140 billion gallons of water are used to frack 35,000 wells every year. That is the equivalent of 40 to 80 cities with populations of 50,000 yearly water use. This is all water that is contaminated after use and is running off, affecting other natural resources.
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