Camels have a number of adaptations that allow them to live in the desert. Long eyelashes, coupled with the ability to close their nostrils protects delicate areas from sand, and their wide, flat, leathery pads below their hooves make walking on the sand much easier. Their fur provides good insulation, protecting them from the heat of the desert sun, as well at cold nights. Their trademark hump can store a massive amount of fat, which enables them to go long periods without food or water.
Camels are amazing creatures in that they have adapted so well to desert living, they can withstand even the harshest of desert climates. Their most critical adaption is being able to go for long periods of time without food or water. Their body can do so by storing fat in their humps and water in the lining of their stomachs. Additionally, their wide and padded feet make for easier sand travel and prevent them from sinking in the sand. Their wool coats protect camels from the heat of the day and cool of the night; their long eyelashes, ear and nostril slits keep out sand and dust.
Camels are able to store food in their humps for long periods of time. They can also loose a lot of water, about 25% of their body weight, without it effecting them much. This works well in the desert climate.
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