The largest eruption in recorded history was that of Mount Tambora on Sumbawa Island, Indonesia in 1815. About 100 cubic kilometers of lava was ejected, and so much ash was produced that 1816 was known locally as “The Year Without A Summer” due to the resulting blockage of sunlight.
There was a much larger one in Sumatra about 71,000 years ago: the Toba volcano produced 2800 cubic kilometers of ash and may have reduced the world’s human population to only 10,000 people. However this was before recorded history so details are less known.
Mount Tambora is an active volcano in the island of Sumbawa, Indonesia. The eruption in 1815 was estimated to have been at scale 7 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index. It had roughly four times the energy of the 1883 Krakatoa eruption, meaning that it was equivalent to an 800 megaton explosion.
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