The largest widely-recognized biodiversity hotspot in the United States is the California Floristic Province, which extends down the length of the California coast, and into southern Oregon and a small section of northern Mexico. The California Floristic Province is one of five Mediterranean-type habitats in the world. These ecosystems tend to support unique plant and animal species found in few other places, and all five of them are listed as biodiversity hotspots. The California Floristic Province provides habitat for many threatened and endangered plant species, as well as threatened animals like the desert slender salamander and giant kangaroo rat. It is also one of the last remaining habitats for the California condor – a critically endangered bird species. The main threats to this hotspot are presented by urban and agricultural development in California.
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