Species threatened the most by mining are those dependent on aquatic or semi-aquatic environments. This is because mining can cause cracks beneath streams or water flows, causing the water to slow or stop altogether. Mining can also effect the oxygen levels of the water, and change the habitat area by encouraging bacteria growth that smothers the plants and native wildlife in the area. Iron oxides in the water may increase as well, directly affecting plant and animal life.
Some species threatened by mining include: Blue Mountains water skink, giant dragonfly, broad-headed snake, eastern pygmy possum, giant burrowing frog, and the stuttering frog.
A new species of sand spider was also recently discovered in Samar, and is threatened by a loss of habitat due to mining.
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