There are about 176 species of Mosquito in North America. Some common species include Aedes Albopictus or Asian Tiger mosquito. The most comon might be Culex pipien or the Northern House mosquito, found readily in urban areas.
You can also check out previous GreenAnswer questions regarding mosquitoes:
Several mosquito species have been accidentally introduced into the US from other parts of the world and have become quite common. This includes the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus), native to southern and eastern Asia. It was first found near Houston, Texas in 1985 and thought to have been brought by a ship carrying spare tires. It is associated with the transmission of dengue fever and eastern equine encephalitis, and heartworm. The Asian tiger mosquito is aggressive especially in the early morning and late afternoon.
Another common North American mosquito is the northern house mosquito (Culex pipiens). This is the most common species found in urban areas and is believed to be primarily responsible for the transmission of the West Nile Virus. It is active at dusk and after dark.
The Anopheles quadrimaculatus is the chief carrier of malaria in the eastern, central, and southern United States. It is active after dusk and before dawn.
For more factson mosquitoes and the Asian tiger mosquito in particular, you can look at the following links:
Many states with a large amount of mosquito species have heavily invested in studies regarding mosquitoes and the transmission of diseases.
Texas is host to about 80 species of mosquitoes. The University of Houston is conducting research on the characterization of mosquito species involved in the transmision of pathogens of medical importance in Texas. This includes looking at the southern house mosquito (Culux quinguefasciatus) and the transmission of St. Louis Encephalitis. Houston has the most frequent occurence of St. Louis Encephalitis than any other area in Texas. It also includes looking at mosquitoes involved in the transmission of dog heartworm, such as the Yellow Fever mosquito and Asian tiger mosquito. For more information on this project, you can look at this link: http://www.uhd.edu/academic/colleges/sciences/ns/entomology.html
For more general information, facts, and studies on Texas mosquito species as well as prevention tips, you can check out the following links:
New Jersey is also host to a large number of mosquito species, 63 to be exact. Rutgers has conducted extensive research on the different mosquito species found in New Jersey. As well as grouping species by genus, scientists also group mosquitoes by habitat. The major habitat groups in New Jersey are “Snowpool Mosquitoes,” “Floodwater Mosquitoes,” “Swamp Breeding Mosquitoes,” and “Container Breeding Mosquitoes.” For more information on mosquitoes in New Jersey, you can check out the following link: http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~insects/mosfaq.htm
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