There aren’t any specific types of trees used to produce paper. Rather, paper is made from a variety of kinds of wood, starting mainly from chips and sawdust. The trees used can be hardwood or softwood, and of varying size.
Many types of evergreen trees are used to make paper, including firs, pines, spruces, and hemlocks. Unfortunately, these types of trees are among the longest to grow back. Companies will try to use sawdust and wood chips first, and then move on to trees that are too small for logging.
Paper can be made from about 400 different cellulose fibers, including hemp, kenaf, corn stalk, sugar cane, straw, bamboo, banana, mulberry. Agricultural waste (stalks and husks) from many of our foods can make strong, attractive papers. Bamboo and hemp are better resources for making paper than your traditional trees. Every acre of hemp grown for paper or particle board saves four acres of trees. Hemp paper is more recyclable than tree paper, and its production does not require chlorine bleach or cause dioxin pollution; using hemp for paper could help to reverse global warming. Before 1883, 75% to 90% of the world’s manufactured paper was done so with hemp fibers.
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