There are several options for natural fertilizers. You can certainly buy natural fertilizers, but you can also use materials that you already might have. For example, grass clippings and mulch can be used as a fertilizer. Just make sure to dry out the grass in the sun for a day or two. Dried leaves and other organic materials from your yard can be used as mulch. Animal manure is also effective, but if you want to avoid chemicals, make sure the animal was fed a natural diet. You can also use compost from a compost pile and other left over organic material like banana peels.
Composting is a great way to organically fertilize your plants! Consisting of plant (and sometimes animal) materials, compost is naturally produced by insects and microorganisms. Good ingredients to use in your compost are fruit and vegetable leftovers (apple cores, banana peels, etc.), dried leaves, twigs, coffee grounds, seaweed, and most other natural ingredients. The trick to creating a great fertilizer is having a good ratio of carbon (brown) materials to nitrogenous (green) materials: 30 to 1 is considered ideal. Brown ingredients include dried leaves, hay, eggshells, and straw, while green ingredients are plant leftovers, seaweed, and coffee grounds.
There is a line of organic products developed by a very eccentric character named Hendrikus Schraven (see second link for a bit about him), that are very effective and eco-friendly. I am a professional gardener; I work for a conservation organization and we use his products. I can attest to their viability.
Starbucks gives away bags of used coffee grounds that you can add to your compost pile or garden. Coffee grounds are great for plants that need nitrogen.
There are many ‘recipes’ for a liquid fertilizer that you can make at home from comfrey plants. Comfrey has a long tap root that sucks up more potassium than most plants can (potassium is typically too deep in the soil for many plants to reach), and thus gives your other plants an otherwise hard-to-acquire nutrient. See the link below for one possible comfrey recipe.
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