Genetically engineered bacteria is exactly what it sounds like. It is bacteria (microscopic organisms) that were created or modified in a lab. Most of the time, genetic bacteria is used for helping others, despite the ominous-sounding name.
An example would be Bacteroides ovatus, a bacteria that activates a protien when put into the human body. The bacteria fights off inflammatory diseases and treat bowel disorders.
Genetically engineered bacteria have been in existence since 1972. Scientists have used these methods of creating bacteria to mass produce insulin, human growth hormones, and several other drugs.
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