What is the function of a hormonal protein?



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    A hormone is a chemical released by one or more cells that affects cells in other parts of the organism. Only a small amount of hormone is required to alter cell metabolism. It is essentially a chemical messenger that transports a signal from one cell to another.

    Hormones have the following effects on the body:

        * stimulation or inhibition of growth
        * mood swings
        * induction or suppression of apoptosis (programmed cell death)
        * activation or inhibition of the immune system
        * regulation of metabolism
        * preparation of the body for mating, fighting, fleeing, and other activity
        * preparation of the body for a new phase of life, such as puberty, parenting, and menopause
        * control of the reproductive cycle
        * hunger cravings

    A hormone may also regulate the production and release of other hormones. Hormone signals control the internal environment of the body through homeostasis.

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