The thyroid gland takes iodine found in foods and converts it into thyroid hormones. These thyroid hormones then travel in the bloodstream throughout the body to control metabolism; every cell in the body depends on these hormones to regulate their metabolism.
The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland located in humans in the lower front of the neck. It absorbs iodine, the only cells that can do so, and converts it into the two thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland then releases these hormones into the blood stream, where they are sent throughout the body. Every cell relies on thyroid hormones to regulate metabolism, the conversion of oxygen and calories into useful energy.
Every year, many people die from undiagnosed thyroid conditions. Common symptoms of an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) include heart palpitations, anxiety, insomnia, diarrhea, weight loss, increased heart rate, irregular periods, and excessive sweating. An underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) can cause symptoms of depression, brain fog, fatigue, weight gain, hair loss, constipation, irregular periods, and cold intolerance.
The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine and thyroxine, T3 and T4 respectively. Thyroid hormones help with metabolism, regulating body temperature and assist organ function. More specifically, they increase the basal metabolic rate, play a role in protein synthesis, work in sync with grown hormone to regulate bone growth, and help with maturation of neurons, They also regulate metabolism of fats, proteins and carbs and stimulate vitamin metabolism.
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