Iodine is necessary as a trace element for life to function. It is needed for proper functioning of the thyroid gland and other endocrine system functions. The US Food and Nutrition Board and Institute of Medicine recommended daily allowance of iodine ranges from 150 micrograms /day for adult humans to 290 micrograms /day for lactating mothers. However, the thyroid gland needs no more than 70 micrograms /day to synthesize the requisite daily amounts of T4 and T3. These higher recommended daily allowance levels of iodine seem necessary for optimal function of a number of body systems, including lactating breast, gastric mucosa, salivary glands, oral mucosa, thymus, epidermis, choroid plexus, etc.
The human thyroid glad uses iodine to produce thyroxine, a hormone that regulates the release of energy. Because this is the main function of the thyroid gland, iodine is a necessary element for our bodies and the control of our metabolism. Iodine also helps prevent goiter from developing (which is also a function of the thyroid gland), and is involved in the growth of hair, nails, teeth and skin.
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