One role that anthropologist have played in the environmental movement is understanding indigenous forms of resource management and advocating for their preservation. Especially, during the so called “Green Revolution” international organizations and development workers saw the spread of western agriculture technologies and techniques as the best way to move countries out of poverty. Many of these techniques and technologies were very destructive to the natural environment relying on the use of fertilizers and pesticides. Anthropologists in the field have been able to understand the local techniques and demonstrate their logic and efficiency economically, socially and environmentally as well as showing that the Western techniques were not having the desired effect. One famous case, linked below, was that of the Balinese irrigation system.
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