This is a difficult question as well. There are so many determining factors that are the cause of environmental problems and almost every problem is linked together. In my opinion, one of the biggest environmental problems we are facing today is agriculture. The percentage of people who are farmers today compared to one hundred years ago is astronomically small. These small percentages of farmers are feeding a population that has almost doubled in the last hundred years as well. How do they do this? Monoculture. Monoculture is when a farmer takes a very big piece of land and plants one crop such as corn or soybeans. Because most of the farming effort is focused on these monocultures, we lose diversity and organic seeds. The monoculture seeds also being purchased from big corporations such as Monsanto who are practicing GMO techniques. Planting one crop on a huge area drains the soil of all of its nutrients and makes this land unusable.
Also connected with monoculture is transportation and processing plants. A great author that everyone should read is Michael Pollan. He has multiple books that explain this process very eloquently and easily understandable. He covers the issues of GMO’s, fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, monocultures and any other agriculture related concerns that you might have. There are a lot of environmental problems, but where my food comes from hits too close to home to ignore.
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