what is the difference between a prokaryote and eukaryote cell?

for a freshman biology class



  1. 0 Votes

    Eukaryotic Cells are more complex in comparison to prokaryotic cells that were some of the first cells from an evolutionary standpoint. Prokaryotic cells lack a membrane-bound nucleus where as Eukaryotes have a nuceleous (explaining why they are more complex). Eukaryotes also have organelles such as mitochondria which are not found in Prokayotes. Another main difference is in the way the two different cells reproduce. Prokaryotes reproduce through binary fission (splitting to form two daughter cells), while Eukaryotes reproduce through either meiosis (sexual) or mitosis 

    Read more at Suite101: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells: The Difference between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes | Suite101.com http://tami-port.suite101.com/prokaryotic-and-eukaryotic-cells-a32332#ixzz1ZBFnOyb6

  2. 0 Votes

    A major difference is in their nuclei: prokaryotic cells have no nuclei, while eukaryotic cells do have true nuclei.

    Other differences:

    1. Eukaryotic DNA is linear; prokaryotic DNA is circular
    2. Eukaryotic DNA is complexed with proteins called “histones,” and is organized into chromosomes; prokaryotic DNA is “naked,” meaning that it has no histones associated with it, and it is not formed into chromosomes.
    3. Both cell types have many, many ribosomes, but the ribosomes of the eukaryotic cells are larger and more complex than those of the prokaryotic cell
    4. The cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells is filled with a large, complex collection of organelles, many of them enclosed in their own membranes; the prokaryotic cell contains no membrane-bound organelles which are independent of the plasma membrane.



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