While desalination is used in mostly Arab, Northern Africa and Caribbean countries it’s use extends all over the world. Italy, Australia, Spain, Greece, Portugal, Japan, China, India, Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Malta, Gibraltar, Cape Verde and Cyprus are just a few examples of places with desalination plants in use. There are over 21,000 plants worldwide.
Saudi Arabia has the highest capacity for water desalination with more than 5,000,000 cubic meters desalinated per day. Like haydenseder said, the Middle East relies on desalination the most, with about 70% of the world’s capacity for water desalination.
The Middle East and Northern Africa use desalination the most. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the UAE, Qatar, and Bahrain are the top users in the Middle East. In Northern Africa, Libya and Algeria use 6% of the world’s capacity of water desalination. The United States uses about 6.5%.
The South Pacific Islands are currently going through an extreme drought due to climate change, making them use desalination machines for fresh water. As climate change worsens and freak weather becomes more common, I would imagine that small island nations like these will be using desalination a lot more. It also didn’t help that rising sea levels contaminated their underground fresh water supplies.
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