What causes the Jekyll and Hyde transformation in corals?



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    In water temperatures above 75 degrees F Vibrio coralliilyticus, a normally harmless marine bacteria, becomes quite destructive to coral. Betaine, glutamate, and succinate are three chemicals released by the bacteria in warmer waters that cause the transformation. Once the Jekyll and Hyde transformation occurs, the bacterium choke off the corals energy supply, effectively bleaching it.

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