The Galapagos Islands home a wide variety and diversity of wildlife in their coral reefs. During El Nino, the coral reefs were severely damaged; 97 percent of the coral reef in the area was wiped out. Recent studies show that the coral reefs around the Galapagos islands are home to many rare and endangered species of coral. Increased human activity in the area puts these reefs in danger, as does the changing climate.
According to the attached document regarding a marine wildlife conservation program – aka “The Mooring Project” – in Ecuador (the Galapagos islands are about 600 miles off of the shore of this country), these islands have a unique marine ecosystem because they contain both tropical and cold water species. They are highly sensitive to the affects of El Nino and global warming. According to this same document, the area with the highest concentrations of reefs is located in the warmer waters to the north of the Galapagos islands, around the islands of Wolf and Darwin. Coral reefs are some of the most diverse and valuable ecosystems on Earth according to the NOAA. I have attached a link for the NOAA for your reference.
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