Diarrhea, Cholera, Typhoid, intestinal worms, Trachoma are just to name some. You can read more about them in the attached article.
Here are a list of diseases, from UNICEF, that are caused by poor sanitation standards in cities:
Diarrhoea is caused by a variety of micro-organisms including viruses, bacteria and protozoans. Diarrhoea causes a person to lose both water and electrolytes,, which leads to dehydration and, in some cases, to death.
Long-term exposure to low concentrations of arsenic in drinking-water causes painful skin keratosis (hardened lesions) and can result in cancers of the skin, lungs, bladder and kidney.
Cholera is an acute bacterial infection of the intestinal tract. It causes severe attacks of diarrhoea that, without treatment, can quickly lead to acute dehydration and death.
Fluorosis is a serious bone disease caused by high concentrations of fluoride occurring naturally in groundwater.
Trachoma is an eye infection spread mainly through poor hygiene caused by lack of adequate water supplies and unsafe environmental sanitation conditions.
Diarrhea is a common symptom of lack of sanitation. As far as diseases go, Arsenicosis (slow poisoning due to Arsenic in water), Cholera, Malaria, Fluorosis (caused by fluoride in drinking water), intestinal worms, and others. Extreme cases of sanitation issues can result in HIV/AIDS and worm infestations.
Tuberculosis (first citation) is a disease that attacks the lungs, and can be caught through the air by another who has TB. If the virus is left unchecked, the virus can spread in rapid form.
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