There are four main areas of concern due to deforestation: Loss of biodiversity, loss of natural resources, global warming and food insecurity (according to the Worldbank).
Biodiversity is a measure of health in ecosystems based on variation of life within a particular ecosystem, biome, or planet. Many animals that live in and around areas of deforestation are killed in the process and the biodiversity is greatly dimisnished.
Loss of natural resources is an obvious one. Trees are cut down, animals lose their homes, the lack of trees leads to soil erosion and flooding.
Global warming is greatly affected by loosing large amounts of trees. Not only do trees turn CO2 into Oxygen, but it takes a lot of fuel and other destructive materials to get into some of the remote areas that clear cutting occurs. It is estimated that nearly 20% of global warming is caused by deforestation.
Nearly 1.6 billion people living in poverty rely on forests for their source of food, fuel, and livelihoods. By destroying these forests, those that are already in poverty will only slip further into it.
Don’t forget erosion! This is an especially big problem on hillsides where people build houses. A single rainstorm can cause mudslides and wash houses away when there are no trees to absorb the water and keep the soil in place with their roots.
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